6 Common Factors to Mind Before You Buy Land.

Deciding to buy land is a cherished dream for many of us. It becomes an essential turnover of our life as it requires all of your diligent income in exchange for ownership. 

Therefore, it's crucial to be careful and vigilant while dealing with the purchase. Especially, when considering the rise of corruption and fraud encircling our society. There might occur a high chance of fraudulent practices such as counterfeit documentaries, and disputes over the legality of land sales. 

So, if you are thinking of purchasing Land then you are suggested to take extra precautions and be more sharp-eyed. 

However, RERA or the Real Estate Regulation and Development Act has become a game-changer in the real estate industry. This act has made things much easier for the buyer as it reduces most of the risks and safeguards the buyer's interests in buying land and building a house in it, while at the same time bringing transparency in this sector. 
Before signing a purchase agreement, there are several factors that potential buyers should consider. 

  1. Location: Location of the land is considered one of the critical aspects before purchasing as it determines a lot of things such as accessibility, security, proximity to social amenities, and even the potential for investment returns.

    Therefore, It is advisable for you to consider a few important questions, like, Is the desired land located in that area that is likely to appreciate in value over time? Are there necessary services like Schools, Hospitals, Banks, markets and etc available near the intended location? Is the location safe and secure for you? As locations with high crimes are likely to have less investment.

    The location of your land can significantly impact the value and potential usage of the land.
  2. Budget: We all know, investing in land associates a substantial amount of money. And as of that, budget initiates identifying the limitations regarding finance and helps determine the range of the particular land according to your preference. 

    This allows one to effectively manage their finances and make smart decisions. Prioritizing expenses like paying appraisals, surveys etc can help you to avoid overspending and impulsive buying that rises the chances of financial constraints in the future. 

    Tracking the budget line opens to variety door of options like loans and financing, to purchase land, which might not be possible without proper financial planning.
  3. Topography and Zoning.

    Another important factor that one should take into account when investing in land is the topography and the zoning of the land.

    Topography alludes to the natural features of land surface such as its shape, elevation, terrain and slope, whereas Zoning refers to the legal limitations, regulating the utilization of a specific area. This points out how appropriate the land is for specific purposes. Like, if you want to buy land for farming that land has to be precisely agricultural land not land for commercial purposes.

    Know, topography determines whether the land is suitable for constructing buildings or not, while zoning determines what type of construction could be built on that land. 

    Understanding the topography and zoning of a particular land is essential for you as it might avoid future legal or environmental issues that could arise due to the land's unsuitability for a specific type of development.
  4. Land Value.

    In order to determine the overall investment potential of your desired property it is important to consider the land value of the property. Considering it, the common factors that highly influence land value are the location of the land, size, zoning, topography and market demand. 

    Just because the land seems to be inexpensive, purchasing it without a second thought would be completely irrational. Therefore, it is wisely recommended to do proper research on it and if needed never hesitate to consult a real estate expert.
    Having proper knowledge about land value can actually help you negotiate a fair price and ensure that they are not overpayment the property. Understanding land value is ultimately securing a worthwhile investment.
  5. Soil quality.
    See, Soil quality might seem to be a minor factor but it is not. Soil quality is a major factor to consider when you purchase land, as it affects the growth and productivity of different crops, plants and vegetation.

    Before your purchase, you might want to consider a few questions related to soil quality, such as, Is the soil suitable for the types of plants or vegetation you want to grow? Are there any issues with soil contamination that could impact future use of the land?

    If purchasing land answers your questions then this purchase can lead you towards successful cultivation of crops for your garden, this might rescue your expenses and maximize yields.
  6. Access and Utilities.

    You must be well-acquainted with the accessibility and utilities of a desired land before you purchase it. This factor has a high chance of affecting land value and its potential use. 

    Accessibility is considered to be an important factor for development as well as for future use. Having proper access to roads, highways and public transportation enhances the possibility of the property’s advisability. 

    Comprehensive evaluation of the availability of utilities is important as it greatly affects the value and potential of the land. Utilities like water, electricity, and sewage system are the most common utilities to maintain a comfortable life. 

    Checking these important factors can help buyers determine the suitability of a property for their future needs and prevent costly mistakes.

    Reviewing all necessary documents is a must to ensure smooth and legally sound transactions. Apart from the other factors mentioned above, there are various other papers works and documentation that must be taken into consideration before purchasing land.  Consulting with a real estate attorney can help identify any additional legal requirements and ensure a comprehensive understanding of the purchase process.

    Title deed -  It is a legal document used to ensure that the property is under the name of the seller. Before purchasing land it is important to assure that they have the legal right to sell the property. Without a legitimate title, the buyer may not have a legal claim to the land they have purchased.

    You should always prefer to verify the original document and not the photo-copied or scanned version, as those documents might not be certified or may be forged, and therefore cannot be considered legally binding proof of ownership. By examining the original document, the buyer can verify that the title is legitimate and that the seller has the right to sell the land.

    By making sure that the deed title is legitimate and free of any encumbrances, the buyer can protect their investment and avoid legal disputes down the line.

    Purchase agreement - A legal document outlining the terms and conditions of the sale between both the parties, the buyer and seller. It is a kind of binding agreement that serves as a contract between the buyer and the seller. The purchase agreement typically includes the agreed-upon purchase price, any contingencies or conditions of the sale, and the timeframe for closing the sale. This operates as a legal description of property.

    It is important for both the buyer and seller to carefully review and understand the terms of the purchase agreement before signing, as it establishes the legal obligations of both parties.

    Encumbrance Certificate - In order to verify whether the property is free from any legal liabilities or financial obligations a legal certificate is provided by the sub-registrar's office where the property is registered. Once it's signed, it acts as a bonding agreement and represents as a contract between the buyer and seller.

    This certificate helps sieve all mortgages, legal disputes and other unpaid taxes to give the owner a clear vision of their ownership of the property.

    Property Tax Receipt and Bills- In order to avoid potential legal issues and additional expenses in future, asking for original tax receipts and bills is an important to-do list when purchasing a property. 

    You must understand, Property tax receipts and bills are crucial documents as it confirms the payment of property taxes is cleared. It is necessary for you to ensure that the previous taxes have been paid before buying any property. Failure to pay property taxes can result in legal complications, such as penalties, interest, and even foreclosure of the property.

    Extracts - Also known as Khata Certificate, it is an essential legal document required during the registration of new property that verifies that the property is registered in the local municipal records and the owner has received the necessary approval before initiating any construction on the property. 

    The Khata Certificate's name may vary depending on the state, but its importance remains constant. Reducing the risk of default on the loan, the certificate assures the lender that the property is legal and registered.

    Overall, this document serves as evidence of the property’s legality and compliance with the local laws and regulations when selling a property to another.

    Power of Attorney- Another legal document that grants authorization to an individual to act on behalf of the property owner. It is a kind of proof that an authorized individual has successfully completed a sale or purchase deed on behalf of the owner.

    Power of attorney serves as a legal record of the owner’s consent to delegate authority of the property to another person to act on their behalf. Here, the authorized individual has the full to make decisions of the owner, including selling or purchasing the land. 

    This, Power of attorney is also required when applying for land loans as well.

    Investing in real estate for beginners can be a complex process as there are many legal documents involved. Even a slight minor inconvenience in any of the documents can lead to significant problems in the future.

    Therefore, it's always a good idea to consult with a real estate consultant to ensure that everything is in order before completing the purchase. An expert real estate professional can review all the necessary legal paperwork and make sure that the transaction is legally binding, protecting the buyer's interests. Additionally, a consultant can provide legal advice on any issues that may arise during the land purchase process.


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